# Poisson Distributions

When you want to determine the likelihood that something will happen a certain number of times within the frame of some context, the Poisson distribution is a good option.

For example, suppose an editor knows that on average, there are 3 grammatical errors per page. What's the probability of there being 2 grammatical errors per page? What's the probability of there being 1, 2, or 3 grammatical errors per page?

Or suppose you know a web server gets 25 requests per second. What's the probability that it will get 0 requests? What's the probability that it will get between 10 and 15 requests?

These questions and more can be answered by the Poisson distribution.

We can use when:

1. The number of successes in two disjoint time intervals is independent.

1. The probability of a success during a small time interval is proportional to the entire length of the time interval.

The probability mass function is given by,

$f(k; \lambda) = \frac{\lambda^k e^{-\lambda}}{k!}$

where $$\lambda$$ is the mean value of whatever per unit whatever time.

It's just a lot easier to use Julia's Distributions package.

The global populations increases by approximately three people every second.

using Distributions, StatsPlots, StatsBase

d = Poisson(3)
plot(d) Given that we know the average birthrate is three people each second, what's the probability that exactly four people will be born each second?

@show pdf(d, 4)
> pdf(d, 4) = 0.16803135574154093

What's the probability that 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 people will be born each second?

reduce((iter, k) -> iter + pdf(d, k), 0:4)
> 0.7654761761559083